a. Introduction

It is the NABCO policy that its work will be carried out according to all current statutory provisions and that all reasonably practicable measures are taken to provide risk to its employees and others that may be affected.

Management and supervisory staff have the responsibility for implementing its policy throughout the company and must ensure that health and safety considerations are always given priority in planning and, day to day supervision of work.

In order to fulfill our responsibilities and duties, a safety manual has been developed for this project, taking into consideration the type and size of activities that might take place concerning manpower, machinery and material.

In this manual we have assured the following major responsibilities:

- To provide a reasonable safe work place.

- To provide a reasonably safe appliances, tools and equipment.

- To use reasonable care in selecting employees.

- To enforce reasonable safety rules.

- To provide reasonable instructions regarding the danger of employment.

b. Expected Site’s Worker’s Number

The number of workers may reach 50 in addition to engineers and supervisory staff.

c. Site’s Working Hours

When working beyond regular working hours allowed by Lebanese codes, NABCO will follow the procedures listed below.

- Permission from local authorities to carry out the work during nighttime.

- Site manager engineer will be assigned to be of all operations.

- Area where night activities that will take place, will be lit to the satisfaction of the site manager.

- No worker will be allowed to work more than 10 hours/day or shift.

- One hour of overlap between day and night shift for the supervising staff is required.

I. Site’s General Organization

a. Project Neighborhood

The project is located south side of the main road leading to Bikfaya Lebanon, on an elevated area where its elevation has varies between 10 and 48 m above sea level.

The project is adjacent to an asphalt road on the south sides and partially the west side.

Bulk excavation should be executed without causing any damage to adjacent properties.

At this stage excavation is scheduled to take place on zone D close to an existing old structure Church.

b. Underground Existing networks

A water line is crossing at the southeast corner of the site, concerned authorities will be notified to rearrange it at the request of the owner. No other services have been noted.

c. Construction systems

The work will consist of casting concrete of all kinds and varieties of structural members such as single footings, manholes, water channels of different sections, and walls that varies between rubber and cyclopean concrete or using reinforced concrete.

Placing concrete will be executed by stationary pump using a network of pipes, mobile pumps or cranes.

Formwork vary between steel, plywood, and wood planks.

II. Health Organization & Installation

a. Lighting System

A lighting network will be developed in order to ensure a propre vision during day and night at all areas.

b. Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers will be provided on site as required at the following location:

1 fire extinguisher at each crane.

2 fire extinguisher at main office.

1 fire extinguisher at storage area if flammable material is stored.

III. First Aid Organization

a. First Aid Kit

First aid kit will be available at job site office, and direct contact with local hospital will be established for accident of serious nature.

b. First Aid Kit Location

First aid kits will be available on site and kept one on main site office to be in quick reach to workers in open platform.

c. Content of the First Aid Kit

First aid kit will be bought off shelves on the recommendation of a pharmacist.

d. Health and Safety Log Book

A special book will be kept on site office where all comments concerning safety will be recorded.

All accidents regardless of severity will be reported to construction manger and recorded in the book.

e. Health and First Aid Officers

2 persons of supervisory staff will be named for first aid services on site.

IV. Individual And Collective Cares

a. Overhead Hazards

All employees will be provided with hard hats.

b. Falling Hazards

Every hole of opening in floors, roofs or platforms, into which a person may fall in will be guarded by a barrier or any other means of fences to prevent falls.

c. Tripping Hazards

Areas where employees must work will be kept reasonably free from accumulation of dirt, scattered tools, materials and sharp projections.

d. Slipping Hazards

Scaffolds, platforms or any other working surfaces covered with any substance causing slippery footing, it will be removed or treated to ensure safe footing.

e. Lumber & Nail Fastening

Lumber used on site must be sound, nails should be driven full length and of the proper size and number.

f. Projecting Nails

Projecting nails in boards, planks should be removed, hammered in or bent over in a safe way. By the same crew carrying the activity.

g. Guard Rail

Should be at a height of 1.2 m plus a mid rail. The hand rail should be smooth and free from protruding nails.

h. Scaffolds

All scaffolding will be constructed to support 4 times the anticipated working load, and will be braced to prevent lateral movement.

i. Safety Belts & Lines

Will be arranged so that a free fall of no more than 1.5 m.

j. Use of Ladders

Ladders will be provided to give access to all elevated-working areas. Ladders will be maintained in a safe condition at all times. Ladders will be securely fastened top and bottom as well as braced where required, and to extend 1 m above landing.

k. Cranes

- All cranes will be equipped with a properly operating boom angle indicator.

- Located within the normal view of the operator.

- Every crane will be operated by a trained person.

- A copy of the signals in use will be posted near each crane.

- Each crane will have a fire extinguisher.

- A copy of instruction will be posted in crane cabinet.

l. Ropes & Chains

- All ropes and chains should be of sufficient strength condition and size to safely raise and lower the imposed load.

- Wire rope will be used with power driven hoisting machinery.

- No Rope shall be used when visual inspection of the rope shows marked signs of corrosion, misuse or damage.

- All load hooks should have safety clips.

- Loads which tend to swing or turn during hoisting shall be controlled by a tag line.

m. Trucks

Trucks should not be backed in places unless guided by a person. Stationed on the side where he can see the truck driver and the space in back of the truck.

n. Flammable

Flammable liquids should be kept is safety cans or approved storage container.

o. Smoking

Prohibited in areas used for gasoline dispensing and fueling operation.

p. Main Entrance

The site main entrance gate is located on the east side of site near site near site office.

All employees are expected to enter and leave site through the main gate.

q. Truck Waiting Zone

A section along the asphalt road on the east side of the site has been graded and will be used as truck waiting zone.

r. Office Safety

- Access ways to be kept clear of tripping or slipping hazards.

- Fire escapes are kept free from obstruction.

- Electrical fitting/ equipment are good working order and free from obvious defects

- Kitchen area should be kept in clean condition

s. Alcohol and Drug Abuse

Any person suspected of being under the influence of alcohol of drugs will be requested to leave the site immediately.

t. Machinery on site

- crane

- mobile crane

- dozers

- excavators

- compressors

- trucks

All machinery’s will be operated by trained persons and safety instruction manuals will be posted on each equipment cabinet.

u. Electrical Hand Tools

A variety of electrical hand tools will be in use during construction, such tools will be in custody and professional employee will be trained and familiar with its operation.